as Deutschland Über Alles. Initially the victims were shot by the Einsatzgruppen and others; gas chambers and gas vans using carbon monoxide were used by early 1940. The state parliaments and the Reichsrat (federal upper house) were abolished in January 1934, with all state powers being transferred to the central government. Successive Reichsstatthalter decrees between 19bolished the existing Länder ( constituent states ) of Germany and replaced them with new administrative divisions, the Gaue, governed by nsdap leaders ( Gauleiters ). Archived from the original on Retrieved Evans, Richard. As the market was experiencing a glut and prices for petroleum were low, in 1933 the Nazi government made a profit-sharing agreement with IG Farben, guaranteeing them a 5 percent return on capital invested in their synthetic oil plant at Leuna. At the end of the war, Europe had more than 40 million refugees, its economy had collapsed, and 70 percent of its industrial infrastructure was destroyed. G Hitler intended to eventually incorporate many of these areas into the Reich. Nazi Germany had a strong anti-tobacco movement, as pioneering research by Franz. The Nazis proposed national and cultural renewal based upon the Völkisch movement.